How to Cite a Website in APA, MLA and Chicago in Any Paper

Loc.govThe website of the Library of Congressconnects users to content areas created by the Library’s many experts. In some cases, content can be posted without a clear indication of author, title, publisher, or publication date. Look for available clues and give as much information as possible, including the URL and date accessed.

citing a website in an essay

Close with your date of access if there was no date of publication. introduce quotes Often, a web page won’t have a particular publication date.

Presentation Slides MLA Citation

The works cited will contain the list of all sources used to compile the information used in the essay. If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed. For example, if the site says the content was first published in 2010 and last updated on August 6, 2016, then use the date 2016 in the in-text citation and reference list. However, if the site says it was first published in 2010 and last reviewed in July 2016, then use the date 2010 because a review does not imply that any information was changed. Note that the title of the website or webpage should be italicized in the reference list if the work on the page stands alone but not italicized if it is part of a greater whole . To clarify the document type, you can also specify the format in brackets after the title. Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.

citing a website in an essay

Some professors will warn you not to use Wikipedia because they believe its information is unreliable. As a community project with no central review committee, Wikipedia brief essay length certainly contains its share of incorrect information and uninformed opinion. In this sense, it should be treated as a popular rather than scholarly source.

MLA Website Citation Rules and Examples

Such content has been created to enhance understanding of the collection. If no author is named, in most cases The Library of Congress may be cited as the author.

How do you cite a website in an essay with no author?

“Title of the Webpage/Entry.” Title of the Website, Name of the publisher (if different from the website name), Date of publication, URL. When there isn't a known author, use the source's title in the in-text citation.

But what if a professor writes to you about something related to the course? Or if you receive a message that’s sent only to the members of a small club? What about the discussion forums that many courses set up for students to exchange ideas about the readings? Unless there’s been an explicit agreement that the material is public, we encourage you to check before using such messages in narrative essay characteristics your work. But of course, countless reliable sources can be accessed on the web, and even unreliable sources have some uses in research writing. (SeeScholarly vs. Popular Sourcesfor more about unreliable sources.) These days, many students and scholars use Web sources extensively in research and teaching. But they take extra care to assess and report the provenance of these sources.

Website Article with an Author

See the citation formats for Film & Video and Television, Radio Program, or Music Video for more information. It’s often useful to identify your source in the body of your paper ; this identification is especially important when you use private websites.

citing a website in an essay

Electronic sources commonly lack a date of publication, as do other sources. When there is no date of publication listed for a source, include the abbreviation “n.d.” in place what does controlling idea mean of the date. The following examples illustrate parenthetical reference formats for works with more than one author. However, it is highly suggested that these be included.

MLA 9 Citation for Websites with No Author

If there is no title or caption, write a brief description of the post, but do not place it in italics or quotation marks. In an increasingly digital world, social media platforms have become one of the most popular sources students turn to when writing a research paper. From Black history facts, to quotes from notable people, such as Martin Luther King and Winston Churchill, social media has become a mega influence in our world.

  1. As an encyclopedia, Wikipedia is written for a common readership.
  2. Finally, include a URL to the tweet followed by a period.
  3. If you give a sense of what kind of web source you’re using, the reader will be better able to understand the context of your evidence.
  4. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
  5. Some of the facts you find may be attributable to common knowledge .
  6. See alsoScholarly vs. Popular Sourcesfor advice about how to use Internet sources effectively.
  7. The date is then listed, followed by the URL, permalink, or DOI.

Title of the Website, Version or edition, Publisher,. “Section of Website.” Title of the Website, Other Contributors, Version, Number, Name of publisher or sponsor, Date of publication, DOI or URL. Find models and suggestions for citing Creative Commons images, video clips, music, or other materials. A title fragment should be used to make a connection between the use of the source and the citation for the source on the Works Cited page. Note that the format of the title on the Works Cited sheet should be mirrored in the in-text citation. “This Is An Important Academic Blog.” Web blog post.World of Clever Blogging. Of course, if you do use language or information from Wikipedia, you must cite it—to do otherwise constitutes plagiarism.

How to cite Facebook in MLA 9

So, in the citation, you use the author, if one is available, and the date of the source. If you need to include an identifier for a quote, you include the paragraph number or section. The main changes in the latest MLA 9th edition are related to website citations that are included in this guide. Review five different methods for including the words of another writer or information from a research resource into the text of your paper. If a text has more than three authors, the term “et al.” with no additional punctuation marks may be used after the first author listed in the publication credits. For further information on citing sources using the Chicago style, see The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed.

  1. Learn how to cite the use of a source in the text of your paper.
  2. If that is also not an option, simply start your Works Cited entry with the title of the page.
  3. In quotations, list the title or caption of the post, if it is given.
  4. Start your reference list entry with the name of the author.
  5. Just write the description and then follow it with website’s name.
  6. Break down how to cite full websites, online articles, blog posts, Facebook posts, tweets, and videos for your APA paper on gene therapy.
  7. When you return to your draft, it can be hard to distinguish your own writing from the passages you’ve copied.

This handout focuses on how to format in-text citations in APA. To cite a company website as part of a research paper would be the same way as you would cite any website.

Solution #2: Referencing a conversation on social media in MLA

Close your entry with a direct URL to the web page. Copy the full URL for the permalink of the web page and paste it into your bibliographic entry. If the URL is overly lengthy, talk to your instructor, editor, or supervisor about using a shortened link.

citing a website in an essay

Note that month and day are not mentioned in in-text citations. We also need a web address and DOI number in an APA citation for a web page. Including site addresses and DOIs are an absolute necessity. Addresses and DOIs are usually the last item in an APA website citation.

APA citation of a webpage example of a properly structured URL:

Add the name of the website or publishing organization in italics. If the website has a distinct name, include this after the title of the webpage. If it doesn’t, use the name of the business, organization, or government agency that produces the website. Add the date of source access at the end of citation. The MLA 9 edition also added the rule of including both volume and number of journal publications like “Vol.24, no.3”.

citing a website in an essay

Type the words “Retrieved from,” then past the URL into your entry. If the URL is overly long, ask your instructor or supervisor if you can use a shortened link. Type a space after the period that follows the date, then type the title of the web page, which will usually appear as a header at the top of the page. Use sentence case, capitalizing only the first word and any proper nouns. All the italics and indent rules are noted and listed.

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